Cancer is a diseased condition in which there is uncontrolled growth of a group of cells along with tendency of spreading or metastasis to other locations via lymph or blood. Cancer manifests itself in the form of tumor or leukemia. Cancers are usually classified by either the organ affected or by the histological type of tissue involved.
Cause of Cancer
Some of the common causative and predisposing factors for cancer are:
Alcohol – excessive intake of alcohol can cause various types of cancer in liver and esophagus.
Smoking – it is a most common cause of lung ca.
Tobacco – excessive use of tobacco can easily cause oral ca.
Ultraviolet rays – UV rays causes damage to the skin which ultimately leads to skin ca.
Rich diet – heavy or fatty diet may cause ca of colon, pancreas and uterus. Incidence is increased in persons who consume red meat, spices, salt-fish etc.
Family history – previous researches have shown that cancer may be hereditary also, it can run in families.
Precancerous conditions – if there is any precancerous condition present it can lead to cancer.
Chemical carcinogens – like asbestos, cadmium, nickel can cause cancer.
Different types of cancer
Lung cancer is a medical condition in which there is uncontrolled cell growth in lung tissue. These abnormal cells continue dividing and form lumps or mass of tissue called tumors.
When a tumor successfully spreads to other parts of the body and grows, invades and destroying other healthy tissues known as malignant Lung cancer, and if a tumor stays in one spot and demonstrate limited growth generally considered as benign.
It is one of the commonest form of cancers. Majority of cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking or exposure to smoke causes damages in the lining of lungs.
There are different types of primary lung cancer and they are divided into 2 main groups:
- small cell lung ca (SCLC)
- non small cell lung ca (NSCLC)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
About 12 out of every 100 lung cancers diagnosed are this type (12%). It is usually caused by smoking. These cancers tend to spread quite early on.
Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
About 87 out of 100 lung cancers are non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). There are three common types. They are grouped together because they behave in a similar way and respond to treatment in a similar way. The three types are adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.
This is the most common type and starts in the mucus making gland cells in the lining of your airways.
Squamous cell cancer
This type develops in the flat cells that cover the surface of your airways. It tends to grow near the centre of the lung.
Large cell carcinoma
The cancer cells appear large and round under the microscope.
Cancer of mouth and throat
Almost all oral and throat cancers are of the squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cells are form and flat, and they form the lining of the oral cavity and upper throat as well as the surface of the skin.
Squamous cell cancer begins with abnormal cells located only on the surface. As it progresses, malignant cells invade deeper layers of the oral cavity and upper throat and may spread, or metastasize, to lymphnodes as well as to other parts of the body.
Breast cancer is defined as Ca which originates from breast tissue. Breast cancer is the major cause of death now days in middle aged women in western countries.
The type of breast ca is determined by the specific cells in the breast that are affected. Most breast cancers are carcinomas.
Carcinomas are tumors that start in the epithelial cells that line organs and tissues throughout the body. Sometimes, an even more specific term is used. For example, most breast cancers are a type of carcinoma called adenocarcinoma, which starts in cells that make up glands (glandular tissue). Breast adenocarcinomas start in the ducts (the milk ducts) or the lobules (milk-producing glands).
It is one of the most common cancers in males and major cause which is responsible for deaths due to cancer in United States. Bladder ca is more common in men than women. The 3 main types of bladder cancer are:
- Urothelial carcinoma. Urothelial carcinoma (or UCC) accounts for about 90% of all bladder cancers. It also accounts for 10% to 15% of kidney cancers diagnosed in adults. It begins in the urothelial cells found in the urinary tract. Urothelial carcinoma is sometimes also called transitional cell carcinoma or TCC.
- Squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cells develop in the bladder lining in response to irritation and inflammation. Over time, these cells may become cancerous. Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for about 4% of all bladder cancers.
- Adenocarcinoma. This type accounts for about 2% of all bladder cancers and develops from glandular cells.
It is among the 10 most common cancers in both men and women. Overall, the lifetime risk for developing kidney cancer in men is about 1 in 48.
The lifetime risk for women is 1 in 83. Very little is known about its exact cause, but it has been shown that smokers are twice as likely to contract this disease than nonsmokers.
There are several types of kidney ca:
- Renal cell carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of adult kidney cancer, making up about 85% of diagnoses. This type of cancer develops in the proximal renal tubules that make up the kidney’s filtration system.
- Urothelial carcinoma. This is also called transitional cell carcinoma. It accounts for 10% to 15% of the kidney cancers diagnosed in adults. Urothelial carcinoma begins in the area of the kidney where urine collects before moving to the bladder, called the renal pelvis.
- Sarcoma. Sarcoma of the kidney is rare. This type of cancer develops in the soft tissue of the kidney; the thin layer of connective tissue surrounding the kidney, called the capsule; or surrounding fat.
- Wilms tumor. Wilms tumor is most common in children and is treated differently from kidney cancer in adults. This type of tumor is more likely to be successfully treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy than the other types of kidney cancer when combined with surgery.
Esophageal cancer is an abnormal growth of cells occurring within the esophagus. This growth can occur anywhere along the length of esophagus. The most common location for cancer is at the Gastrooesophageal junction, which is located at the bottom of the esophagus where it joins with the stomach.
It ranks sixth among all cancers in mortality. In retrospective studies of esophageal cancer, smoking, hot tea drinking, red meat consumption, poor oral health, low intake of fresh fruit and vegetables, and low socioeconomic status have been associated with a higher risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
It is a type of cancer that starts in the liver. Major risk factors include excessive alcohol intake, hepatitis, and diabetes. Symptoms generally do not appear until the cancer is advanced.
Primary liver ca is rare and but metastatsis of other cancers to liver is common. Liver cancer may have the following symptoms: jaundice, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, an enlarged liver, fatigue, nausea, vomiting etc.
Colorectal ca is a slow growing adenocarcinoma that usually starts in the inner layer of the intestinal tract. It commonly begins as a polyp and is potentially curable if diagnosed early.
Nearly all colorectal cancers begin as noncancerous polyps, which slowly develop into cancer. Globally, colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in males and the second in females, with 1.65 million new cases and almost 835,000 deaths in 2015.
The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus that leads to the vagina. Cervical cancer occurs when cells of the cervix begin to divide uncontrollably.
The abnormally dividing cells form as mass, or tumor. As the cells continue to divide, they may invade the surrounding normal tissue. Cells may also break off of the primary tumor and spread to distant sites of the body, a process known as metastasis.
Fortunately, it usually develops slowly, over the course of months or even years, so with regular screenings it is possible to detect it in its earliest stages when it is most easily treated. Before it appears in the cervix, there are typically precancerous changes, known as dysplasia, which may occur. Approximately 0.6 percent of women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2013-2015 data.
Skin cancers arise from the skin. They are due to the development of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
There are three main types of skin cancers: basal-cell skin cancer (BCC), squamous-cell skin cancer (SCC) and melanoma.
Greater than 90% of cases are caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the Sun. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer, globally accounting for at least 40% of cases.
Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly.
The malignant cells may spread from the prostate to other area of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no symptoms.
In later stages, it can lead to difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or pain in the pelvis, back, or when urinating. Globally, it is the second most common type of cancer and the fifth leading cause of ca-related death in men
Leukemia / Blood Cancer
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells. These white blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells.
Symptoms may include bleeding and bruising problems, feeling tired, fever, and an increased risk of infections. There are four main types of leukemia — acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
Lymphoma is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). Signs and symptoms may include enlarged lymph nodes, fever, drenching sweats, unintended weight loss, itching, and constantly feeling tired.
The enlarged lymph nodes are usually painless. The sweats are most common at night. There are dozens of subtypes of lymphomas.The two main categories of lymphomas are Hodgkin’s lymphomas (HL) and the non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL).
Symptoms of Cancer
Some of the leading symptoms of various types of cancer are given below. The exact symptom can be more diverse and varied.
- Lung ca – pain in chest along with cough, breathlessness and haemoptysis.
- Breast ca – pain with lump and nipple discharge.
- Gastro intestinal ca – abdominal distension along with pain with haematemasis, malena, fresh bleeding per rectum, dysphagia and many other symptoms.
- CNS ca – head pain with vomiting and obtundation caused due to raised intracranial pressure.
- Genitourinary ca – pelvic pain with haematuria and other obstructive urinary symptoms.
- Gynecological ca – pelvic pain, bleeding and vaginal discharge.
- Ear, nose and throat ca – pain or difficulty on swallowing along with deafness, dysphonia, blocked nose, nasal discharge and ulcers in affected area.
Homeopathic treatment for different types of Cancer
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach.
This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.
The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat cancer symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat cancer symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.
For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following homeopathic remedies which are helpful in the treatment of cancer symptoms:
Aurum Muriaticum Natronatum
Calcarea Carbonica Hahnemanii
Mercurius Solubilis Hahnemanni
Silicea, Silica Terra
Teucrium Marum Verum
Angelica Sinensis Radix
Thlaspi Bursa Pastoris
Tuberculinum Bovinum Kent
- Arsenic alb. – Acts very well in the cancer of stomach with intense burning heat and dry skin with thirst and restlessness.
- Nitric acid – Ca of the stomach with burning pain.
- Euphorbium – Ca of pelvic bones with severe burning pain like electric shocks.
- Sulphur – Ca of the stomach with faint sinking sensation in the abdomen.
- Kreosote – Ca of uterus with hemorrhage from uterus.
- Phytolacca. – Ca of the mammae.
- Conium. – remedy for ca of the lips.
- Condurango. – Especially in ca of stomach and lips with painful cracks in the angle of mouth.
- Natrum aur – Ca of nose and skin.
- Hydrastis. – Ca of lips and mammae.
- Aurum ars. – Cancer of face and lips.
As mentioned above, the remedy selection in homeopathy is based on detail history intake and remedies are not given on singular symptoms or indications.