The commonest skin infection due to a poxvirus is Molluscum contagiosum, a skin infection usually acquired in childhood. It is spread by direct often within families or schools. The incubation period is variable, between 14 days and 6 months. In adults florid Molluscum is an indication of underlying immunodeficiency such as HIV.
The white papules of Molluscum contagiosum are characteristic. Lesions often itch, particularly in patients with atopy, and may become secondarily infected. Large solitary lesions and infected lesions may look atypical. Resolving lesions may be surrounded by a small patch inflammation.
Risk factors involved
- Other allergies or a family history of allergy
- Use of drugs that cause a weak immune system
- Outbreaks have been reported among children using swimming pools
Molluscum contagiosum lesions present as small, smooth, umblicated papules. In sexually active young adults, these lesions are spread through sexual and are found primarily on the lower abdomen, inner thighs, genitalia, and pubic areas. In children, the mode of transmission is nonsexual skin . Lesions are found primarily on the trunk and extremities and are often spread from one area to another on a patient’s body via autoinoculation. The lesions are generally found in groups, but may also be widely disseminated.
Diagnosis of Molluscum contagiosum
Molluscum contagiosum may occur on any part of the body but in adults often affects the anogenital area. There are usually about 20 lesions, but they may be more extensive in HIV infection and atopic eczema. The lesions resolve spontaneously after 6-24 months and treatment is only justified on cosmetic grounds or if there is discomfort. If necessary diagnosis can be confirmed by the typical appearance of the contents of the lesions on light microscopy.
Prevention of Molluscum contagiosum
Practice good personal hygiene
Avoid sexual with infected people. It is unclear if condoms are effective in preventing spread.
After diagnosis, to prevent spread to other parts of the body or to other people, do not scratch parts.
Homeopathic treatment for Molluscum contagiosum
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat Molluscum contagiosum but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat Molluscum contagiosum that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of Molluscum contagiosum:
Natrum Mur, Silicea, Sulphur, Thuja, Merc Sol, Lycopodium, Bryonia, Bromium, Calcarea Carb, Hepar sulph, Tuberculinum, Kali iod, Mercurius, Thuja, Bromium and many other medicines.